Dome


Dome
   Domes are hemispherical vaults, first introduced in large scale by the Romans. The architects of the Byzantine era pioneered an effective method of construction entailing the use of pendentives that transfer the weight of the dome to the piers below. This new method allowed for more extensive unobstructed interior expanses, as well as the enclosure of a square opening with a circular dome. In the Renaissance, dome construction achieved its greatest technical heights when Filippo Brunelleschi devised the doubleshelled dome at the Cathedral of Florence (1420-1436). The dome became a standard feature of religious architecture, with Donato Bramante's Tempietto at San Pietro in Montorio, Rome (c. 1502-1512), and Michelangelo's final design for New St. Peter's (1564) providing some of the most exceptional examples. Domes provide a surface on which mosaics or frescoes that depict important religious narratives can be rendered. An example of a dome mosaic is the one attributed to Coppo di Marcovaldo in the Baptistery of Florence, which depicts the Last Judgment and the lives of Christ, St. John the Baptist, and the Patriarch Joseph (13th century). A frescoed dome is Giovanni Lanfranco's Virgin in Glory at Sant' Andrea della Valle, Rome (1625-1627).

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Dome — • An architectural term often used synonymously with cupola Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Dome     Dome     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Dome C — Dome C, also known as Dome Circe or Dome Charlie, located at Antarctica at an altitude of 3,233 m or 10,607 ft above sea level, is one of several summits or domes of the Antarctic Ice Sheet. Dome C is located on the Antarctic Plateau,… …   Wikipedia

  • Dome A — Elevation 4,091 m (13,422 ft) Prominence 1,639 m (5,377 ft) …   Wikipedia

  • Dome — Co. Ltd Год основания 1975 Основатели М.Хаяси Расположение Майбара, Япония Отрасль Автоспорт …   Википедия

  • Dome A — Dôme A 80°22′S 77°21′E / 80.367, 77.35 Le Dôme A aussi appelé Dôme Argus est un plateau antarctique, situé à 1200 km à l intérieu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dome C — Dôme C Le dôme C, aussi connu sous le nom de dôme Charlie, est un plateau de l Antarctique culminant à 3 233 mètres, de coordonnées 75°06′S 123°20′E / 75.1, 123.333. Il se trouve …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dome — Dôme Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. En architecture, un dôme est un toit galbé de forme circulaire ou elliptique. Le Dôme est le nom d une salle de spectacles de Marseille (France). Le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dome — (engl. ‚Kuppel‘, aus lat. domus ‚Haus‘) steht für The Dome, eine Musikshow in Deutschland Dome A, Dome C, Dome F, Scheitelpunkte des antarktischen Eisschildes Dome, namentlich: eine Stadt in Ghana, siehe Dome (Ghana) ein Punkmusik Projekt von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • dome — [dōm] n. [ DOME sense 1 < L domus, house (< IE * domu < base * dem , to build); others < Fr dôme < Prov doma < LL(Ec), roof, building, cathedral < Gr dōma, housetop, house, temple < same IE base: see TIMBER, DOMINATE] 1.… …   English World dictionary


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